Expert Insights: CTET EVS Exam Pattern

Are you aspiring to become a teacher and looking to qualify for the Central Teacher Eligibility Test (CTET)? Are you specifically interested in the Environmental Studies (EVS) section of the CTET exam? In this article, we will provide you with expert insights and a detailed understanding of the CTET EVS exam pattern. By the end, you’ll have valuable knowledge to help you excel in this crucial examination.


The CTET is a national-level examination conducted by the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) in India. It serves as the eligibility criteria for teachers applying to various central government schools, including Kendriya Vidyalayas and Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas. Clearing the CTET exam is an essential step towards building a successful teaching career.

What is CTET?

The Central Teacher Eligibility Test (CTET) is conducted to assess the eligibility of candidates for teaching positions in schools under the central government. It is divided into two papers: Paper-I for teachers of classes I to V and Paper-II for teachers of classes VI to VIII. The CTET EVS exam falls under Paper-I and focuses on evaluating candidates’ knowledge and understanding of environmental studies.

Importance of CTET

Clearing the CTET exam is vital for aspiring teachers as it acts as a gateway to a rewarding career in the education sector. It validates the candidates’ proficiency in teaching methodologies, subject knowledge, and pedagogical skills. CTET certification enhances job prospects and opens doors to employment opportunities in prestigious government schools.

CTET EVS Exam Pattern: An Overview

The CTET EVS exam pattern is designed to assess candidates’ conceptual understanding and teaching abilities in the field of environmental studies. It consists of multiple-choice questions (MCQs) and follows a time-bound format. Let’s delve into the details of the exam structure and syllabus.

Structure of CTET EVS Exam

The CTET EVS exam comprises a total of 150 questions, with each question carrying one mark. The duration of the exam is 2 hours and 30 minutes. The exam is conducted offline, and candidates are provided with an OMR sheet to mark their answers. The distribution of questions in the CTET EVS exam is as follows:

  1. Child Development and Pedagogy: 30 Questions
  2. Language I (compulsory): 30 Questions
  3. Language II (compulsory): 30 Questions
  4. Environmental Studies: 60 Questions

Syllabus for CTET EVS Exam

To excel in the CTET EVS exam, candidates need to have a strong grasp of the syllabus. The syllabus broadly covers the following topics:

  1. Family and Friends
  2. Food, Shelter, and Water
  3. Travel and Exploration
  4. Things We Make and Do
  5. Plants and Animals
  6. Pedagogical Issues

It is crucial for candidates to understand the core concepts and teaching methodologies related to each topic to answer the questions effectively.

Preparation Tips for CTET EVS Exam

Preparing for the CTET EVS exam requires a well-structured study plan and effective strategies. Here are some expert-recommended tips to enhance your preparation:

  1. Understand the Exam Pattern: Familiarize yourself with the exam pattern and syllabus to identify the key areas and allocate your time accordingly.

  2. Create a Study Schedule: Develop a study schedule that includes dedicated time for each topic. Divide your study sessions into smaller, manageable segments to improve retention.

  3. Study Material and Resources: Refer to reliable study materials and resources specifically designed for the CTET EVS exam. Utilize textbooks, reference books, and online platforms to access quality content.

  4. Practice Previous Year Question Papers: Solve previous year question papers to understand the exam pattern, identify recurring topics, and enhance your time management skills.

  5. Take Mock Tests and Practice: Regularly take mock tests and practice sample papers to evaluate your progress, identify weak areas, and improve your speed and accuracy.

Having the right study materials plays a crucial role in your CTET EVS exam preparation. Here are some highly recommended books that cover the relevant topics:

  1. “Environmental Studies: From Crisis to Cure” by R. Rajagopalan
  2. “CTET Success Master Paper-I Class I-V Environmental Studies” by Arihant Experts
  3. “Child Development & Pedagogy” by R. Gupta

These books provide comprehensive coverage of the syllabus and include practice questions and mock tests to assess your understanding.

Previous Year Question Papers

Practicing with previous year question papers helps you become familiar with the exam pattern and gain insight into the type of questions asked. Here are a few websites where you can find CTET EVS previous year question papers:


Make the most of these resources to enhance your preparation and improve your chances of success.

Mock Tests and Practice

Apart from solving previous year question papers, taking mock tests is essential to assess your preparation level. Mock tests simulate the actual exam environment, helping you manage time effectively and identify areas that require further improvement. Several online platforms offer CTET EVS mock tests and practice papers to facilitate your preparation.

Effective Time Management

Time management is crucial during the CTET EVS exam. Since you have a limited time to answer a substantial number of questions, it is important to allocate time wisely. Divide your time based on the number of questions and difficulty level. Aim to complete easier questions first to build momentum and ensure you attempt as many questions as possible.

Common Mistakes to Avoid

To maximize your chances of success in the CTET EVS exam, it is important to be aware of common mistakes candidates make and avoid them. Some common pitfalls to avoid include:

  1. Neglecting the Syllabus: Ensure you have a thorough understanding of the entire syllabus and don’t focus solely on specific topics.

  2. Insufficient Practice: Lack of practice can hinder your performance. Regularly solve sample papers and take mock tests to develop confidence and improve accuracy.

  3. Inadequate Time Management: Without effective time management, you may find yourself rushing through questions or spending too much time on a single question. Practice time-bound tests to improve your speed.

  4. Ignoring Pedagogical Issues: Environmental studies require an understanding of pedagogical aspects. Neglecting the pedagogical issues section can impact your overall score.

Expert Insights and Strategies

To gain an edge in the CTET EVS exam, it is essential to learn from experts and follow their strategies. Here are some expert insights to help you prepare effectively:

  1. Focus on Conceptual Understanding: Instead of memorizing facts, focus on understanding the concepts and their practical applications.

This will help you answer application-based questions more effectively.

  1. Use Visual Aids: Environmental studies often involve diagrams, flowcharts, and illustrations. Utilize visual aids during your preparation to enhance understanding and retention.

  2. Practice Mind Maps: Create mind maps for different topics to summarize key concepts, relationships, and interconnections. Mind maps serve as effective revision tools and aid in better understanding.

  3. Stay Updated: Keep yourself updated with the latest developments in the field of environmental studies. Follow news articles, research papers, and relevant documentaries to enhance your knowledge.

Remember, consistent effort, dedication, and a positive mindset are key to achieving success in the CTET EVS exam.


The CTET EVS exam is a crucial step towards becoming a qualified teacher. By understanding the exam pattern, syllabus, and effective preparation strategies, you can enhance your chances of success. Make use of the recommended books, previous year question papers, mock tests, and expert insights to excel in the examination. Remember, diligent preparation and continuous practice are the stepping stones to a rewarding teaching career.


1. Can I qualify for the CTET exam by focusing solely on the EVS section?

No, the CTET exam evaluates candidates’ overall proficiency in various subjects. While the EVS section is important, you need to ensure you have a strong grasp of other subjects as well.

2. Is it necessary to take coaching classes for CTET EVS exam preparation?

Coaching classes are not mandatory but can be helpful, especially if you prefer a structured learning environment and expert guidance. Self-study with the right resources can also lead to success.

3. Are there any age limitations to appear for the CTET exam?

No, there is no upper age limit to appear for the CTET exam. Anyone who meets the eligibility criteria can apply.

4. Can I use a calculator during the CTET EVS exam?

No, the use of calculators or any electronic devices is strictly prohibited during the CTET exam. You must rely on mental calculations and basic arithmetic skills.

5. How long is the CTET certificate valid?

The CTET certificate is valid for seven years from the date of declaration of the result. It can be used to apply for teaching positions during this period.

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