CTET EVS Syllabus Decoded

CTET EVS Syllabus Decoded

CTET (Central Teacher Eligibility Test) is a national-level examination conducted in India to determine the eligibility of candidates for teaching positions in various schools. One of the sections in the CTET exam is Environmental Studies (EVS), which holds significant importance in shaping the knowledge and understanding of future teachers regarding environmental issues. In this article, we will decode the CTET EVS syllabus, explore its content areas, discuss pedagogical approaches, and provide tips for effective preparation.


What is CTET?

CTET, or the Central Teacher Eligibility Test, is a certification exam conducted by the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) in India. The purpose of the CTET is to ensure that candidates aspiring to become teachers possess the necessary skills, knowledge, and qualifications to be effective educators.

Importance of the Environmental Studies (EVS) Section

The Environmental Studies (EVS) section in CTET is designed to assess the candidates’ understanding of environmental issues, sustainability, and their ability to impart this knowledge to young learners. It aims to create awareness and sensitivity towards the environment, fostering a sense of responsibility and sustainable practices

among students.

Overview of CTET EVS Syllabus

Syllabus for Paper-I (Primary Level)

The EVS syllabus for Paper-I of CTET focuses on foundational concepts and topics suitable for teaching classes I to V. The key areas covered in this section are as follows:

  1. Concept of EVS
  2. Family and Friends
  3. Food and Shelter
  4. Water and Travel
  5. Things We Make and Do

Syllabus for Paper-II (Elementary Level)

The EVS syllabus for Paper-II of CTET is designed for candidates aspiring to teach classes VI to VIII. The syllabus includes the following topics:

  1. Pedagogical Issues in EVS Teaching
  2. Environmental Studies and Environmental Education
  3. Relationships in Ecosystems
  4. Concepts of Health, Hygiene, and Safety
  5. Social and Political Issues in Environmental Studies

Understanding the Content Areas

Family and Friends

The “Family and Friends” content area in the CTET EVS syllabus focuses on developing an understanding of the significance of family, relationships, and social values. It covers topics such as different types of families, the importance of caring and sharing, and responsibilities towards family and society.

Food and Shelter

Under the “Food and Shelter” content area, candidates are expected to have knowledge of food groups, balanced diets, the importance of nutrition, and sustainable practices in food production and consumption. Additionally, the syllabus covers different types of shelters, their features, and the importance of adequate housing.

Water and Travel

The “Water and Travel” content area emphasizes the importance of water as a precious resource and the need for its conservation. Candidates should be aware of various water conservation methods and understand the impact of different modes of travel on the environment.

Things We Make and Do

The “Things We Make and Do” content area focuses on the process of making things, promoting creativity and innovation, and encouraging sustainable practices in production and consumption. Candidates should be familiar with different materials, tools, and techniques used in making things.

Pedagogical Approaches for EVS Teaching

To effectively teach EVS, teachers should adopt various pedagogical approaches that engage students and foster practical learning. Some of these approaches include:

Activity-based learning

Encouraging hands-on activities, experiments, and group projects allows students to actively participate in the learning process. It enhances their understanding of environmental concepts and promotes problem-solving skills.

Field trips and real-life experiences

Taking students on field trips to natural environments, historical sites, or local communities helps them connect theoretical knowledge with real-life experiences. It provides a holistic understanding of the subject and creates lasting memories.

Integration with other subjects

Integrating EVS with other subjects, such as science, social studies, and mathematics, promotes interdisciplinary learning. It enables students to see the interconnectedness of different topics and fosters a holistic understanding of the world.

Assessment methods for EVS

Assessing students’ understanding of EVS can be done through various methods, such as project work, presentations, quizzes, and group discussions. These methods encourage active participation and enable teachers to gauge the depth of students’ knowledge.

Tips for CTET EVS Preparation

To excel in the CTET EVS section, candidates can follow these effective preparation tips:

Familiarize yourself with the syllabus

Thoroughly understand the CTET EVS syllabus, its content areas, and weightage to plan your preparation strategy accordingly. Focus on the topics that carry higher marks and align your study plan accordingly.

Create a study plan and schedule

Develop a study plan that allows you to cover all the topics systematically. Allocate specific time slots for different content areas, ensuring balanced coverage of the entire syll

abus. Stick to your schedule to ensure consistency.

Use reliable study materials and resources

Refer to high-quality study materials, textbooks, and online resources specifically designed for the CTET exam. Choose reputable sources that provide accurate information and cover the entire syllabus comprehensively.

Practice previous year question papers

Solve previous year question papers and sample papers to familiarize yourself with the exam pattern, question types, and time management. Analyze your performance and identify areas that require more focus and improvement.

Join online discussion groups and forums

Engage in online discussion groups and forums dedicated to CTET preparation. Interact with fellow aspirants, share knowledge, ask questions, and seek guidance from experienced candidates and educators.


The CTET EVS syllabus covers essential topics related to environmental studies, sustainability, and practical approaches to teaching. By understanding the content areas, adopting effective pedagogical approaches, and following the preparation tips, candidates can enhance their knowledge and improve their chances of success in the CTET exam.


  1. What is the passing percentage for CTET?

    • The passing percentage for CTET is 60% or more. Candidates scoring above this threshold are considered qualified.
  2. Is EVS a compulsory section in CTET?

    • Yes, the EVS section is compulsory for both Paper-I and Paper-II of the CTET exam. It carries a significant weightage in the overall evaluation.
  3. Can I use diagrams and illustrations in my answers?

    • Yes, the use of diagrams, illustrations, and charts is highly encouraged in the EVS section to enhance understanding and present information effectively.
  4. Are there any specific books recommended for CTET EVS preparation?

    • Several books are available in the market specifically designed for CTET EVS preparation. Some popular choices include “CTET Environmental Studies” by Kalpana Rajaram and “CTET Success Master Paper-I Class I-V Environmental Studies” by Arihant Experts.
  5. How many attempts can I make for CTET?

    • There is no restriction on the number of attempts for CTET. Candidates can appear for the exam as many times as they wish to improve their scores.
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