CTET EVS: Natural Resources and Conservation

In the field of education, it is crucial to impart knowledge about environmental science to young learners. The Central Teacher Eligibility Test (CTET) is a national-level exam in India that assesses the eligibility of candidates to become teachers. Environmental Studies (EVS) is an integral part of the CTET curriculum, and one important aspect it covers is natural resources and conservation. This article explores the significance of CTET EVS, the concept of natural resources, the importance of conservation, and how CTET EVS plays a vital role in teaching these topics.

Importance of CTET EVS

CTET EVS holds immense importance as it aims to develop environmental awareness and sensitivity among teachers and students. It equips educators with the necessary knowledge and skills to impart environmental education effectively. By including EVS in the CTET syllabus, the education system acknowledges the importance of nurturing environmentally responsible citizens from an early age.

Understanding Natural Resources

Natural resources are the elements present in the environment that are valuable to humans and other living organisms. They can be categorized into various types, including water, air, soil, minerals, forests, wildlife, and energy resources. Understanding natural resources is crucial to comprehend their significance and the need for their conservation.

Types of Natural Resources

  1. Water Resources: Water is a vital natural resource essential for various purposes such as drinking, agriculture, and industrial use.
  2. Air Resources: The air we breathe is an important natural resource that needs to be kept clean and free from pollution.
  3. Soil Resources: Soil provides the foundation for agriculture and supports plant growth, making it a valuable natural resource.
  4. Mineral Resources: Minerals like coal, iron, and gold are examples of mineral resources that are extracted from the earth for various purposes.
  5. Forest Resources: Forests play a crucial role in maintaining ecological balance, providing habitat to wildlife, and offering numerous products.
  6. Wildlife Resources: Wildlife encompasses a diverse range of animals and plants, and their conservation is essential for biodiversity preservation.
  7. Energy Resources: Energy resources include renewable sources like solar and wind energy, as well as non-renewable sources like fossil fuels.

Importance of Conservation

Conservation of natural resources is vital to ensure their sustainable use for present and future generations. It involves the responsible management and protection of resources to prevent their depletion. Conservation helps maintain ecological balance, preserves biodiversity, and mitigates the negative impacts of human activities on the environment.

Threats to Natural Resources

  1. Overexploitation: Uncontrolled exploitation of natural resources can lead to their depletion and irreversible damage to ecosystems.
  2. Pollution: Pollution from human activities can contaminate air, water, and soil resources, adversely affecting the environment and human health.
  3. Deforestation: Excessive deforestation disrupts the ecosystem, reduces biodiversity, and contributes to climate change.
  4. Climate Change: Global warming and climate change pose significant threats to natural resources, including rising sea levels, extreme weather events, and habitat loss.

Role of CTET EVS in Teaching Natural Resources and Conservation

CTET EVS plays a crucial role in teaching students about natural resources and the importance of their conservation. It enables teachers to create engaging lesson plans and activities that instill a sense of responsibility towards the environment. By incorporating real-life examples and interactive learning methods, CTET EVS fosters environmental consciousness among students.

Strategies for Teaching Natural Resources and Conservation

  1. Hands-on Activities: Engaging students in hands-on activities like water testing, waste management, and gardening helps them understand the practical aspects of resource conservation.
  2. Field Trips: Organizing field trips to natural reserves, parks, and wildlife sanctuaries provides students with firsthand experiences and helps them connect with nature.
  3. Project-based Learning: Assigning projects on topics like renewable energy, sustainable agriculture, and waste reduction encourages independent thinking and research skills.
  4. Multimedia Resources: Utilizing multimedia resources such as videos, documentaries, and interactive presentations enhances students’ understanding of complex environmental concepts.

CTET EVS Sample Questions

  1. What is the importance of water conservation in our daily lives?
  2. Explain the concept of renewable and non-renewable resources.
  3. How does deforestation contribute to climate change?
  4. List three ways in which you can conserve energy at home.
  5. Discuss the impact of pollution on human health.


CTET EVS serves as a vital platform for teaching natural resources and conservation to future generations. By integrating these topics into the curriculum, CTET EVS aims to raise awareness and empower students to become responsible stewards of the environment. Through interactive teaching strategies, hands-on activities, and real-life examples, teachers can instill a deep appreciation for natural resources and the urgency of their conservation.


1. How can I prepare for the CTET EVS exam effectively?
To prepare for the CTET EVS exam, focus on understanding the concepts of environmental science, especially related to natural resources, conservation, and environmental issues. Practice solving previous years’ question papers and refer to reliable study materials and textbooks.

2. Can I take the CTET exam without studying EVS?
No, EVS is a mandatory subject in the CTET exam. It is essential to study and prepare for the EVS section to qualify for the CTET certification.

3. What are some other topics covered in the CTET EVS syllabus?
Apart from natural resources and conservation, the CTET EVS syllabus covers topics like environmental pollution, environmental issues, biodiversity, climate change, and sustainable development.

4. How does CTET EVS contribute to the overall development of students?
CTET EVS promotes holistic development by fostering environmental awareness, critical thinking, and problem-solving skills. It helps students understand the interdependence between humans and the environment and encourages responsible behavior.

5. Can I teach environmental science without appearing for the CTET exam?
While it is possible to teach environmental science without appearing for the CTET exam, having a CTET certification increases your chances of getting hired as a teacher in government schools and improves your credibility as an educator.

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